AN AUTOMATIC WEB-BASED QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM FOR E-LEARNING
AbstractAn automatic web based Question Answering (QA) system is a valuable tool for improving e-learning and education. Several approaches employ natural language processing technology to understand questions given in natural language text, which is incomplete and error-prone. In addition, instead of extracting exact answer, many approaches simply return hyperlinks to documents containing the answers, which is inconvenient for the students or learners. In this paper we develop technique to detect the type of a question, based on which the proper technique for extracting the answer is used. The system returns only blocks or phrases of data containing the answer rather than full documents. Therefore, we can highly improve the efficiency of Web QA systems for e-learning.
Ajitkumar,M. P., Khillare ,S. A., Mahender, C. N. 2016. Question Answering System, Approaches and Techniques: A Review. International Journal of Computer Applications , Vol. 141, No.3, 34-39.
Bao, J., Duan, N., Zhou, M., and Zhao, T. 2014. Knowledge-based question answering as machine translation. In: The 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 1272−1294.
Berant, J., Chou, A., Roy, F., and Percy L. 2013. Semantic parsing on freebase from question-answer pairs. In: The 2013 Conference on Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing, 153−1544.
Berant, J., Chou, A., Roy, F., and Percy L. 2014. Freebase QA: Information extraction or semantic parsing. In: The 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing, 1511−1527.
Berezytskyi, M. M. ,and Oleksyuk, V. P. 2016. Massive Open Online Cources as a Stage in the Development of E-Learning. In: Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 56(6):51-63.
Clarke, C. L. A., Cormack, G. V. , and Lynam, T. R. 2001. Exploiting redundancy in question answering. In: Proceedings Of the 24th ACM SIGIR conference, 358-365.
Cristina, E.B., Pere, R., Comas. 2012. Full machine translation for factoid question answering. In: Proceedings of EACL, ACL , 20−29.
Google search engine.[Online]. Available at: http://www.google.com.
Grappy, A. , Grau, B. , Falco, M-H. , Ligozat, A-L. , Robba, I. , Vilnat., A. 2011.Selecting answers to questions from Web documents by a robust validation process”, IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conferences on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology, 55-62.
Gruener, G., Warthen, D., and Leeds, D. 1996. Ask. [Online]. Available at: http://www.ask.com.
Hovy, Hermjakob, E. U., Lin, C.Y. 2001. The use of external knowledge in factoid QA. In: Proceedings of the 10th Text Retrieval Conference, 644–652.
Hsiao, H-C , Chuang, C-F, Huang, T-C and Wu, C-F. 2010. Web-based Collaborative learning in secondary education: Teachers’ reflection. In: International Journal of Cyber Society and Education, 3(1):15-36.
Ittycheriah, A. , Franz, M., Roukos, S. 2001. IBM’s statistical question answering system TREC-10, in: Proceedings of the 10th Text Retrieval Conference, 258–264.
Ivanytska, N. , and Kern, M. 2015. Features of On-Line Learning in Austria. In: Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 46(2): 22-28.
Jessie ,O. , Xiuqin, M., Hongwu, Q. and Siau, C. L. 2015. A survey of query expansion, query suggestion and query refinement techniques. In: 4th International Conference on Software Engineering and Computer Systems (ICSECS), 112-117.
Jijkoun, V. , and Rijke, M. 2005. Retrieving Answers from Frequently Asked Questions Pages on the Web. In: Proeedings. Of CIKM 2005, pp. 76-83.
Kumar, P., Kashyap, S. , Mittal, A. ,and Gupta., S. 2005. A fully automatic question-answering system for intelligent search in e-learning documents. International Journal on E-Learning. 4.1 , 149(18).
Li , X. , and Roth, D. 2002. Learning Question Classifiers", Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING2002).
Lin, J. , and Katz, B. 2003. Question Answering from the Web Using Knowledge Annotation and Knowledge Mining Techniques. In: Proceedings of CIKM 2003, 116-123.
Lo, R. T.-W., He, B., and Ounis, I. 2005. Automatically building a stop-word list for an information retrieval system. In Journal on Digital Information Management: Special Issue on the 5th Dutch-Belgian Information Retrieval Workshop (DIR).
Magenta, S. T., Sepia, X., and Turquoise, U. 1995. Wombat genetics. In: Widiculous Wombats, Violet, Q., ed. New York: Columbia University Press. 123-145.
McKimm, J., Jollie, C. , and Cantillon, P. 2003. Web based learning. In: ABC of learning and teaching 326(7394): 870–873.
Oleksandr, K., and Marie, F. M. 2011. A Survey on Question Answering Technology from an Information Retrieval Perspective. In: Information Sciences, Vol. 181, 5412–5434.
Parthasarathy, S. , and Chen, J. 2007.A Web-based Question Answering System for Effective e-Learning. In: Proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT 2007), 142 – 146.
Pinchuk, O. P. 2016. Perspective Analysis of Use of Social Networks as Learning Tools in Learning Environment. In: Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 54(4):83-98.
Pinto, D. , Croft, W. , Branstein, M. ,Coleman, R. , King, M., Li, W. , and Wei, X. 2002.Quasm: A system for question answering using semi-structured data. In: Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL), pp. 46-55.
Ramakrishnan, G. , Chakrabarti, S. , Paranjpe, D. ,and Bhattacharyya, P. 2004. Is question answering an acquired skill?”, In Proc. of WWW2004, 111 – 120.
Shen, Q. 2014. Web-based Autonomous Learning in the Chinese EFL Setting. In: Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(7):1409-1414.
Singh, V. , and Dwivedi, S. K. 2015. An Integrated Pattern Matching and Machine Learning Approach for Question Classification”, In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Next Generation Computing Technologies (NGCT-2015), 762-767.
Sinka, M. P. and Corne, D. W. 2003. Towards modernized and web-specific stoplists for web document analysis. In: Proceedings of te IEEE/WIC International Conference on Web Intelligence(WI 2003).
Soubbotin, M.M. 2001. Patterns of potential answer expressions as clues to the right answers. In: Proceedings of the 10th Text Retrieval Conference, 293–302.
Srihari, K., Li , W. , and Li , X. 2004. Information Extraction Supported Question- Answering. In: Advances in Open Domain Question Answering. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Su, B. , Bonk, C. J. , Magjuka, R. J., Liu, X. , and Lee, S-H. 2005. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 4(1):1-19.
Umryk, M. A. 2015. Organization of Distance Learning for Meeting the Needs of Modern Students. In: Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 45(1):146-155.
Yen, S-J., Wub, Y-C., Yang, J-C., Lee, Y-S., Lee, C-J., Liu, J-J. 2013.A support vector machine-based context-ranking model for question answering. Information Sciences, 77–87.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors hold copyright immediately after publication of their works and retain publishing rights without any restrictions.
- The copyright commencement date complies the publication date of the issue, where the article is included in.
- Authors grant the journal a right of the first publication of the work under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) that allows others freely to read, download, copy and print submissions, search content and link to published articles, disseminate their full text and use them for any legitimate non-commercial purposes (i.e. educational or scientific) with the mandatory reference to the article’s authors and initial publication in this journal.
- Original published articles cannot be used by users (exept authors) for commercial purposes or distributed by third-party intermediary organizations for a fee.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) during the editorial process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see this journal’s registered deposit policy at Sherpa/Romeo directory).
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Post-print (post-refereeing manuscript version) and publisher's PDF-version self-archiving is allowed.
- Archiving the pre-print (pre-refereeing manuscript version) not allowed.