PROBLEMS OF EDUCATING TO PROGRAMMING OF STUDENTS AND WAY OF THEIR OVERCOMING

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Olena V. Semenykhina, Yuliia О. Rudenko

Abstract

Globalization and informatization of the world economy, modernization of production, development and distribution of computer technologies pose new challenges in education. One of such tasks is to provide qualitative teaching of programming for schoolchildren. The article covers actual issues related to teach computer programming for schoolchildren, psychological difficulties, accompanying training, and ways to overcome them. The reason for the problem is that the school and university discipline curricula are lagging behind from the modern stage of computer technologies development. The article has emphasized the importance of programming skills, as it contributes to the cognitive development of students, the ability to concentrate on problem solving activities, the algorithmic thinking and the ability to follow the algorithm. The objective of the research was to analyze the results of a pedagogical experiment on the effective ways in teaching computer programming to pupils in general education schools. The article presents the results of a two-year pedagogical experiment which consists of ascertaining and formative phases. The research has studied the efficiency of computer programming instructions. The authors have arrived at conclusions that such pedagogical methods and techniques as the use of pupil-oriented social and informative motives, verbal and non-verbal, external and internal learning resources, communicative attacks, relevant stimulation and psychological approach; game techniques; team working, as well as pupils’ independent work and reflection have improved the learning outcomes of computer programming at school. The positive effect of the implemented methods is evidenced by the results in the experimental and control groups of schoolchildren verified by the methods of mathematical statistics.

Keywords

computer programming; computer technologies; algorithmic thinking; game techniques; team working



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33407/itlt.v66i4.2149



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