MOBILE ORIENTED FITNESS TECHNOLOGIES AS A MEANS OF INFLUENCE ON STUDENTS’ PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Keywords: health education, smartphones, fitness applications, students, physical activity

Abstract

Healthy behaviour and physical activity of students from physical education institutions are important characteristics of the quality of their professional training, indicators of the graduates’ competitiveness in the labour market. Despite the fact that physical activity, in particular daily walking, improves physical and psychological health, more and more often students are reported to have inactive physical behavior. Physical activity (PA) can be successfully modified under the influence of certain conditions and contextual factors. Modern technological developments have stimulated the use of smartphones in physical activity studies, but there are not enough data on their effectiveness to measure their influence on students' acceptance and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. Students use fitness applications to achieve various goals, such as increasing physical activity, learning new exercises, adhering to the principles of good nutrition, achieving and maintaining optimal weight.This study aims to identify and analyse the effectiveness of fitness applications as a health education component, as well as a tool for improving physical activity and changing students' behaviour using the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). The relationship between the use of fitness apps for smartphones and the effects that they have on aspects of students’ health is discussed. The authors analyse the relationship between the beliefs, as TPB constructs, and certain indicators of physical activity. The research shows the results of the survey on TPB constructs conducted among 51 students (24 males (47.1%) and 27 females (52.9%), average age - 17.82 ± 0.74 years). On their basis the authors have studied the features of sports activities and daily walking, registered by fitness applications installed on the students’ smartphones.The authors have compared and analysed the data on PA in the course of the study, determined the influence and dependence of the use of fitness applications and TPB constructs on students' behaviour change, gender characteristics of healthy behaviour. The article states that behavioral intentions and tangible control over behaviour are the leading factors which increase students’ physical activity. The article also proves that the use of fitness applications can contribute to the development of health competence of the prospective physical education specialists, increase their physical activity and have a positive effect on the formation of their active attitude to physical activity as internal value.

Author Biographies

Natalia V. Chukhlantseva, National University «Zaporizhzhia Polytechnic»

PhD of Physical Education and Sports, Physical Culture and Sport Management Department, Associate Professor

Liudmyla V. Shuba, National University «Zaporizhzhia Polytechnic»

PhD of Pedagogical Sciences, Physical Culture and Sport Management Department, Associate Professor

Victoria V. Shuba, Prydniprovska State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports

PhD of Pedagogical Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, Associate Professor

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Published
2020-02-24
Section
ICT and learning tools in the higher education establishments