Supplementary Files

Без заголовку


border guards’ training
distance learning
educational web-platforms
European Union countries

How to Cite

A. V. Balendr, V. O. Korolov, O. V. Adamchuk, A. V. Iakymchuk, S. V. Sinkevych, and I. H. Bloshchynskyi, “BORDER GUARDS’ DISTANCE LEARNING DEVELOPMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES”, ITLT, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 305–319, Jun. 2019, doi: 10.33407/itlt.v71i3.2749.


The research reveals the peculiarities of the Distance Learning (DL) development in the framework of border guards training in the European Union (EU) countries. Theoretical and practical concepts, modern stage and peculiarities of border guards’ DL development were substantiated in the article. The special attention was paid to possibilities of educational web platforms, which are widely utilized in the training of personnel of the border guard agencies, namely: Web Platform Virtual Aula of the FRONTEX Agency; E-Net Web Platform of the CEPOL (The European Police College); EU Coast Guard Functions Training Portal (CGFTP); ILIAS Learning Platform of the EU Mission EUBAM (EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine); Connect & Learn platform of the UNHCR (The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees); Global eLearning Program of the UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime). The authors have also conducted the comparative analysis of DL courses of educational platforms with border guard components in the EU countries, which showed that the platform with the biggest number of border guard-oriented courses is Virtual Aula platform of FRONTEX Agency. Suggestions and proposals on DL development and prospective directions based on the experience gained during DL introduction into the system of the border guards’ training system supported by the survey results are given in the conclusion of this article in order to facilitate the improvement of border guards’ DL systems in the EU countries. The prospects of the border guards’ DL system development are based on 5 key factors: aligning all DL training courses to the Sectoral Qualification Framework and Common Core Curricular for border guarding: unification of the skills and knowledge of European border guards; enhanced use of the Internet and social media; introduction of common educational web-platforms; organizing specialized training for the specialists in DL use and management, and developing common eLearning tools and programs.


A. Sarkar, Vocational education and training through open & distance learning mode: Prospects and challenges. International Journal of Applied Research, 1 (13), 592-594. 2015. (in English)

P. Andriyanov, Use of modern educational technologies in the field of military education. Distance learning – problems and decisions. Border Security and Management, 1(6), 7-14. 2016. doi 10.17770/bsm.v1i6.1696 (in English)

M. Spridzāns, and J. Pavlovičs, Perspectives on Developing E-Learning at the State Border Guard College of the Republic of Latvia. Border Security and Management, 1(6), 112-122. 2016. doi 10.17770/bsm.v1i6.1707. (in English)

G. Stevens, Distance learning for technical and vocational education in Sub-Sahara Africa: challenges and opportunities. Washington, DC: World Bank. 2001. [online]. Available: (in English)

A. Balendr, O. Komarnytska, I. Bloshchynskyi, O. Didenko, Information and communication technologies in foreign languages training of the border guards in the European Union Countries. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 67(5), 56-71. 2018. (in Ukrainian)

A. Balendr, Designing Professionally Oriented Training Courses for Border Guards in Accordance with the Sectoral Qualifications Framework based on the Virtual Aula Platform. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 63(1), 68-80. 2018. (in Ukrainian)

I. Bloshchynskyi, Enhancement of Cadets’ Practical Training at the National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine named after Bohdan Khmelnytskyi. Science and Education, (4), 5-10. 2017. (in English)

FRONTEX Training Needs Assessment 2016 Report. Warsaw. 2016. [online]. Available: (in English)

European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training [CEPOL]. Education and Training. 2018. [online]. Available: (in English)

European Coast Guard Functions Training Network [ECGFTN]. Coast Guard Functions Training Portal. 2018. [online]. Available: (in English)

Global Learning at UNHCR – ICELW. UNHCR Global Learning Centre (GLC) Division of Human Resources Management UNHCR HQs Global Service Centre (GSC) [PowerPoint presentation]. 2011. [online]. Available: (in English)

. Newsletter on the UNODC Global eLearning Programme (GLOU61). Annual Newsletter, (5). 2015. [online]. Available: (in English)

Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors hold copyright immediately after publication of their works and retain publishing rights without any restrictions.
  2. The copyright commencement date complies the publication date of the issue, where the article is included in.

Content Licensing

  1. Authors grant the journal a right of the first publication of the work under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) that allows others freely to read, download, copy and print submissions, search content and link to published articles, disseminate their full text and use them for any legitimate non-commercial purposes (i.e. educational or scientific) with the mandatory reference to the article’s authors and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Original published articles cannot be used by users (exept authors) for commercial purposes or distributed by third-party intermediary organizations for a fee.

Deposit Policy

  1. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) during the editorial process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see this journal’s registered deposit policy at Sherpa/Romeo directory).
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Post-print (post-refereeing manuscript version) and publisher's PDF-version self-archiving is allowed.
  4. Archiving the pre-print (pre-refereeing manuscript version) not allowed.


Download data is not yet available.