SMARTPHONE APPLICATIONS USAGE IN CONDITIONS OF POPULATION’S PSYCHOTRAUMATIZATON

Keywords: psychoeducation, psychotrauma, PTSD, electronic services, smartphone applications, mental health mobile applications

Abstract

It is overviewed the scope of eduсative smartphone-applications usage to process the population’s psychotraumatic experience gained by means of ATO and JFO events in Ukraine. It is emphasized that mobile applications are an economical and fast way to provide proper psychological information. The typical functions of applications that are suitable for psychotraumatic experience processing are particulated: (1) informative (text, illustrative or audio-video information about post-traumatic conditions and centers of full-time care); (2) diagnostic (tools for the symptoms self-assessment); (3) monitoring («diaries» and statistical services for tracking state changes); (4) accompanying (exercises and games for constructive skills managing); (5) reminding (repeating the useful activities); (6) communicatory («chats», video or audio connection). Examples and content description of electronic services with relevant functions are provided, such as «PFA Mobile Ukraine», «Mobile Psychological Assistance», «Social-Psychological Support for Veterans' Adaptation», «PTSD Coach», «Daylio», «Woebot», etc. The strategy of psycho-educational applications incorporation into traditional socio-psychological work on psychotrauma is proposed: structuring the information (educational stage), automation of symptom evaluation (diagnostic stage), widening of communication tools and changes monitoring (basic stage), partial replacement of assistance procedures (supporting stage). The elements of this strategy are presented as internally linked with each other and consistent with cycle repetition as needed. The terms for ensuring the effectiveness of psycho-educative applications usage to cope with the effects of psychotraumatization are determined: (1) the ethical guarantees upon the personal information non-disclosure; (2) the reliable theoretical basis and empirical verification; (3) the simple and intuitive interface; (4) the gamification of content.

Author Biography

Maryna S. Dvornyk, Institute for Social and Political Psychology of NAES of Ukraine

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Senior Researcher

References

П. Лушин, "Посттравматический рост и условия экологичного сопровождения травматических переживаний", Науковий часопис національного педагогічного університету імені МП Драгоманова. Серія 12: Психологічні науки, № 4, с. 11-25, 2016.

B. Wainrib, Healing crisis and trauma with mind, body, and spirit. New York: Springer Pub., 2006.

S. Wessely, R. Bryant, N. Greenberg, M. Earnshaw, J. Sharpley and J. Hughes, "Does Psychoeducation Help Prevent Post Traumatic Psychological Distress?", Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 287-302, 2008.

L. Dimeff, A. Paves, J. Skutch and E. Woodcock, "Shifting paradigms in clinical psychology: How innovative technologies are shaping treatment delivery", in The Oxford handbook of clinical psychology, D. Barlow, Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 618-648.

M. Morris and A. Aguilera, "Mobile, social, and wearable computing and the evolution of psychological practice.", Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 622-626, 2012.

H. Riper, G. Andersson, H. Christensen, P. Cuijpers, A. Lange and G. Eysenbach, "Theme Issue on E-Mental Health: A Growing Field in Internet Research", Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 12, no. 5, p. e74, 2010.

D. Luxton, R. McCann, N. Bush, M. Mishkind and G. Reger, "mHealth for mental health: Integrating smartphone technology in behavioral healthcare.", Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 505-512, 2011.

K. Ly, J. Dahl, P. Carlbring and G. Andersson, "Development and initial evaluation of a smartphone application based on acceptance and commitment therapy", SpringerPlus, vol. 1, no. 1, pр. 1-11, 2012.

M. East, "Mental health mobile applications in counselor education", Ph. D., The University of West Florida, 2015.

E. Kuhn, C. Greene, J. Hoffman, T. Nguyen, L. Wald, J. Schmidt, K. Ramsey and J. Ruzek, "Preliminary Evaluation of PTSD Coach, a Smartphone App for Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms", Military Medicine, vol. 179, no. 1, pp. 12-18, 2014.

J. Owen, B. Jaworski, E. Kuhn, K. Makin-Byrd, K. Ramsey and J. Hoffman, "mHealth in the Wild: Using Novel Data to Examine the Reach, Use, and Impact of PTSD Coach", JMIR Mental Health, vol. 2, no. 1, e7, 2015.

A. Miner, E. Kuhn, J. Hoffman, J. Owen, J. Ruzek and C. Taylor, "Feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of the PTSD Coach app: A pilot randomized controlled trial with community trauma survivors.", Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 384-392, 2016.

J. Hoffman, E. Kuhn, J. Owen and J. Ruzek, "Mobile Apps to Improve Outreach, Engagement, Self-management, and Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder", in Complementary and alternative medicine for PTSD, D. Benedek and G. Wynn, Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 340-342.

J. Prentice and K. Dobson, "A review of the risks and benefits associated with mobile phone applications for psychological interventions.", Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 282-290, 2014.

P. Chandrashekar, "Do mental health mobile apps work: evidence and recommendations for designing high-efficacy mental health mobile apps", mHealth, vol. 4, pp. 1-6, 2018.

M. Price, K. van Stolk-Cooke, Z. Brier and A. Legrand, "mHealth solutions for early interventions after trauma: improvements and considerations for assessment and intervention throughout the acute post-trauma period", mHealth, vol. 4, pp. 1-22, 2018.

B. Phoenix, "Psychoeducation for Survivors of Trauma", Perspectives In Psychiatric Care, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 123-131, 2007.

О. Мосієнко, "Психоедукація – первинний засіб в роботі з воїнами АТО | IQholding", Iqholding.com.ua, 2018. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://iqholding.com.ua/articles/psikhoedukatsiya-pervinnii-zasib-v-roboti-z-voinami-ato. Дата звернення: Груд. 08, 2018.

"Додаток для мобільних телефонів PFA mobile Ukraine - Перша психологічна допомога", Volonter.org, 2017. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://volonter.org/event/dodatok-dlya-mob%D1%96lnih-telefon%D1%96v-pfa-mobile-ukraine---persha. Дата звернення: Січ. 26, 2019.

"Мобільна психологічна допомога", Mobilementalhelp.tdmu.edu.ua, 2014. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://mobilementalhelp.tdmu.edu.ua/. Дата звернення: Січ. 26, 2019.

"Emotion Control. Мобильный тренажер управления эмоциями", Emocontrol.net, 2014. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://www.emocontrol.net/. Дата звернення: Січ. 26, 2019.

В. Горбунова, А. Карачевський, В. Климчук, Г. Нетлюх та О. Романчук, Соціально-психологічна підтримка адаптації ветеранів АТО: посібник для ведучих груп. Львів: Інститут психічного здоров’я Українського католицького університету, 2016, с. 1-96.

M. Dvornyk, "Evaluation of the Ukrainian-Language E-Course “Socio-Psychological Support of Adaptation of Veterans”", Mhgcj.org, 2018. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://mhgcj.org/MHGCJ__2018.pdf. Дата звернення:Груд. 08, 2018.

J. Owen, E. Kuhn, B. Jaworski, P. McGee-Vincent, K. Juhasz, J. Hoffman and C. Rosen, "VA mobile apps for PTSD and related problems: public health resources for veterans and those who care for them", mHealth, vol. 4, pp. 28-28, 2018.

"Daylio - The Big Idea of Micro Diary", Daylio.webflow.io, 2017. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://daylio.webflow.io. Дата звернення: Січ. 26, 2019.

K. Fitzpatrick, A. Darcy and M. Vierhile, "Delivering Cognitive Behavior Therapy to Young Adults With Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety Using a Fully Automated Conversational Agent (Woebot): A Randomized Controlled Trial", JMIR Mental Health, vol. 4, no. 2, p. e19, 2017.

Т. Титаренко, "Соціально-психологічна реабілітація особистості: етапи, технології, техніки", Наукові студії із соціальної та політичної психології, № 41(44), с. 36-44, 2018.


REFERENCES (TRANSLATED AND TRANSLITERATED)

P. Lushyn, "Post-traumatic growth and eсological assistance conditions for traumatic experiences", Naukovyi chasopys natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M. P. Drahomanova. Seriia 12: Psykholohichni nauky, no 4, pp. 11-25, 2016 (in Russian).

B. Wainrib, Healing crisis and trauma with mind, body, and spirit. New York: Springer Pub., 2006 (in English).

S. Wessely, R. Bryant, N. Greenberg, M. Earnshaw, J. Sharpley and J. Hughes, "Does Psychoeducation Help Prevent Post Traumatic Psychological Distress?", Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 287-302, 2008 (in English).

L. Dimeff, A. Paves, J. Skutch and E. Woodcock, "Shifting paradigms in clinical psychology: How innovative technologies are shaping treatment delivery", in The Oxford handbook of clinical psychology, D. Barlow, Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 618-648 (in English).

M. Morris and A. Aguilera, "Mobile, social, and wearable computing and the evolution of psychological practice.", Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 622-626, 2012 (in English).

H. Riper, G. Andersson, H. Christensen, P. Cuijpers, A. Lange and G. Eysenbach, "Theme Issue on E-Mental Health: A Growing Field in Internet Research", Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 12, no. 5, p. e74, 2010 (in English).

D. Luxton, R. McCann, N. Bush, M. Mishkind and G. Reger, "mHealth for mental health: Integrating smartphone technology in behavioral healthcare.", Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 505-512, 2011 (in English).

K. Ly, J. Dahl, P. Carlbring and G. Andersson, "Development and initial evaluation of a smartphone application based on acceptance and commitment therapy", SpringerPlus, vol. 1, no. 1, pр. 1-11, 2012 (in English).

M. East, "Mental health mobile applications in counselor education", Ph. D., The University of West Florida, 2015 (in English).

E. Kuhn, C. Greene, J. Hoffman, T. Nguyen, L. Wald, J. Schmidt, K. Ramsey and J. Ruzek, "Preliminary Evaluation of PTSD Coach, a Smartphone App for Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms", Military Medicine, vol. 179, no. 1, pp. 12-18, 2014 (in English).

J. Owen, B. Jaworski, E. Kuhn, K. Makin-Byrd, K. Ramsey and J. Hoffman, "mHealth in the Wild: Using Novel Data to Examine the Reach, Use, and Impact of PTSD Coach", JMIR Mental Health, vol. 2, no. 1, e7, 2015 (in English).

A. Miner, E. Kuhn, J. Hoffman, J. Owen, J. Ruzek and C. Taylor, "Feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of the PTSD Coach app: A pilot randomized controlled trial with community trauma survivors.", Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 384-392, 2016 (in English).

J. Hoffman, E. Kuhn, J. Owen and J. Ruzek, "Mobile Apps to Improve Outreach, Engagement, Self-management, and Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder", in Complementary and alternative medicine for PTSD, D. Benedek and G. Wynn, Ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 340-342 (in English).

J. Prentice and K. Dobson, "A review of the risks and benefits associated with mobile phone applications for psychological interventions.", Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 282-290, 2014 (in English).

P. Chandrashekar, "Do mental health mobile apps work: evidence and recommendations for designing high-efficacy mental health mobile apps", mHealth, vol. 4, pp. 1-6, 2018 (in English).

M. Price, K. van Stolk-Cooke, Z. Brier and A. Legrand, "mHealth solutions for early interventions after trauma: improvements and considerations for assessment and intervention throughout the acute post-trauma period", mHealth, vol. 4, pp. 1-22, 2018 (in English).

B. Phoenix, "Psychoeducation for Survivors of Trauma", Perspectives In Psychiatric Care, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 123-131, 2007 (in English).

O. Mosiienko, "Psychoeducation as the primary means to work with ATO soldiers | IQholding", Iqholding.com.ua, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://iqholding.com.ua/articles/psikhoedukatsiya-pervinnii-zasib-v-roboti-z-voinami-ato. Accessed on: Dec. 08, 2018. (in Ukrainian).

"Mobile Phone Application PFA mobile Ukraine – The first psychological aid", Volonter.org, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://volonter.org/event/dodatok-dlya-mob%D1%96lnih-telefon%D1%96v-pfa-mobile-ukraine---persha. Accessed on: Jan. 26, 2019. (in Ukrainian).

"Mobile psychological help", Mobilementalhelp.tdmu.edu.ua, 2014. [Online]. Available: https://mobilementalhelp.tdmu.edu.ua/. Accessed on: Jan. 26, 2019. (in Ukrainian).

"Emotion Control. Mobile simulator for managing emotions", Emocontrol.net, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.emocontrol.net/. Accessed on: Jan. 26, 2019. (in Russian).

V. Horbunova, A. Karachevskyi, V. Klymchuk, H. Netliukh ta O. Romanchuk, Socio-psychological support for the adaptation of ATO veterans: a guide for leading groups. Lviv: Instytut psykhichnoho zdorov’ia Ukrainskoho katolytskoho universytetu, 2016, pp. 1-96 (in Ukrainian).

M. Dvornyk, "Evaluation of the Ukrainian-Language E-Course “Socio-Psychological Support of Adaptation of Veterans”", Mhgcj.org, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://mhgcj.org/MHGCJ__2018.pdf. Accessed on: Dec. 26, 2019. (in English).

J. Owen, E. Kuhn, B. Jaworski, P. McGee-Vincent, K. Juhasz, J. Hoffman and C. Rosen, "VA mobile apps for PTSD and related problems: public health resources for veterans and those who care for them", mHealth, vol. 4, pp. 28-28, 2018 (in English).

"Daylio - The Big Idea of Micro Diary", Daylio.webflow.io, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://daylio.webflow.io. Accessed on: Jan. 26, 2019. (in English).

K. Fitzpatrick, A. Darcy and M. Vierhile, "Delivering Cognitive Behavior Therapy to Young Adults With Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety Using a Fully Automated Conversational Agent (Woebot): A Randomized Controlled Trial", JMIR Mental Health, vol. 4, no. 2, p. e19, 2017 (in English).

Т. Тytarenko, "Socio-psychological rehabilitation of personality: stages, technologies, techniques", Naukovi studii iz sotsialnoi ta politychnoi psykholohii, vol. 41(44), pp. 36-44, 2018 (in Ukrainian).

Published
2019-10-22
Section
ICT to support psychological and educational research