CMI5 - NEW STANDARD FOR E-LEARNING TOOLS INTEGRATION

Keywords: cmi5, SCORM, xAPI, LRS, LMS, Moodle

Abstract

Standardization in the field of development of e-learning facilities brings significant effect, allowing the integration of electronic educational resources created for some software environments into others without any changes and modification. Currently, the main standard for integrating e-learning tools is the SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model), created by the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative group in 2001, which for many reasons no longer meets the current requirements: it can only work in browser, does not support working with mobile applications in offline mode, etc. Therefore, in 2013, ADL proposed a new xAPI standard that defines the way to collect and store data from the online storage facilities called Learning Record Store (LRS), in the form of competencies of individuals within their formal, non-formal and informal lifelong education. However, this standard was not able to replace SCORM due to its excessive flexibility. In order to overcome this ADL disadvantage, in 2016, a separate profile of the xAPI specification, called cmi5, was adopted that more clearly formalizes the interaction between the Learning Content Assignable Unit (AU), the LRS, and the Learning Management System (LMS). The article analyzes the differences between the new cmi5 standard from its predecessors - SCORM and xAPI; an up-to-date list of software tools supporting cmi5 is presented; tested cmi5 in the iSpring Suite e-Course and the cloud-based SCORM Cloud learning management system. A comparative analysis of the contents of the SCORM, xAPI, and cmi5 packets, as well as the operators that are written in the LRS when execution is performed. An overview of the plugins for working with SCORM, xAPI and cmi5 in LMS Moodle and their test results are given.

Author Biography

Oleksandr A. Shcherbyna, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

PhD of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Information Technologies Department,

References

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SCORM® Overview. [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: https://adlnet.gov/scorm

Advancing Learning Through Innovative Science and Technology. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://adlnet.gov/

IMS Global Learning Consortium. Learning Tools Interoperability. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://www.imsglobal.org/activity/learning-tools-interoperability

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What is the Experience API?. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://xapi.com/overview/

A. Bakharia et al. "Recipe for success: lessons learnt from using xAPI within the connected learning analytics toolkit", Proceedings of the sixth international conference on learning analytics & knowledge. – ACM, – p. 378-382, 2016.

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Art Werkenthin, "cmi5: The next generation SCORM", [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://risc-inc.com/next-generation-scorm-cmi5/

cmi5 Specification Profile for xAPI. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://github.com/AICC/CMI-5_Spec_Current/blob/quartz/cmi5_spec.md#au_requirements

Art Werkenthin. "cmi5: An overview of the Process Flow", [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://risc-inc.com/cmi5-overview-process-flow/

Конструктор курсов iSpring Suite. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://www.ispring.ru/ispring-suite

Lectora Inspire 17.1.1 Update, [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://www.itclearning.com.au/articles/lectora/lectora-inspire-17-1-1-update/

Rapid e-learning authoring. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://obsidian.black/

Courselab Online – модуль для разработки электронных курсов с адаптивным дизайном. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://el-blog.ru/courselab-online/

iSpring Online, [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://www.ispring.ru/ispring-online

RISC’s Virtual Training Assistant system is your learning compliance solution. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://risc-inc.com/

SCORM Cloud by Rustici Software. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://cloud.scorm.com

Helping cmi5 gain adoption since 2016. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://rusticisoftware.com/cmi5/

No Big Deal, or a Big Deal?. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://rusticisoftware.com/blog/ltg-acquire-netdimensions/

Adobe Captivate. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://www.adobe.com/ua/products/captivate/features.html

Articulate Storyline. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://www.articulate.com/products/storyline-why.php

Moodle. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/

Phil Hill. Schoology, NEO, Claroline, Chamilo: The beginning of the LMS long tail. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://mfeldstein.com/schoology-neo-claroline-chamilo-the-beginning-of-the-lms-long-tail/

LMS global stats – you’re probably half right. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://www.elearningworld.org/lms-global-stats-youre-probably-half-right/

А.М. Аврамчук, та О.А. Щербина, "Створення відео лекцій за допомогою модуля Rich Media", Конференція MoodleMoot Ukraine 2013. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://2013.moodlemoot.in.ua/course/view.php?id=51

Logstore xAPI // [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/plugins/logstore_xapi.

Log storage: Trax Logs. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/plugins/logstore_trax

Activities: xAPI Launch Link. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/plugins/mod_tincanlaunch

Blocks: Annulab LRS. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/plugins/block_annulab_lrs

Reports: Watershed Report Link. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/plugins/report_watershed

Activities: SCORM Cloud for Moodle. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://moodle.org/plugins/mod_scormcloud


REFERENCES (TRANSLATED AND TRANSLITERATED)

M.M. Glybovets "The role of standards in e-learning", Computer technologies, issue 148, vol. 160, pp. 107–114, 2011. (in Ukrainian).

Yu.V. Stepanenko, A.P. Voichenko, "Features of digital learning objects repository in developing e-learning courses on mathematical disciplines". Bulletin CSU them. Petro Mogyla, issue 35, vol. 22, 2004. [Online]. Available: http://lib.chdu.edu.ua/pdf/naukpraci/computer/2004/35-22-25.pdf (in Ukrainian).

SCORM® Overview. [Online]. Available: https://adlnet.gov/scorm (in English).

Advancing Learning Through Innovative Science and Technology. [Online]. Available: http://adlnet.gov/ (in English).

IMS Global Learning Consortium. Learning Tools Interoperability. [Online]. Available: http://www.imsglobal.org/activity/learning-tools-interoperability (in English).

IMS Global Learning Consortium. Learning Tools Interoperability. [Online]. Available: http://www.imsglobal.org/toolsinteroperability2.cfm.

O.A. Shcherbyna, "Learning Tools Interoperability – a new standard for integration of distance learning platforms", Information Technologies and Learning Tools, vol 47, No 3, pp. 167–177, 2015. (in Ukrainian).

What is the Experience API?. [Online]. Available: https://xapi.com/overview/ (in English).

A. Bakharia et al. "Recipe for success: lessons learnt from using xAPI within the connected learning analytics toolkit", Proceedings of the sixth international conference on learning analytics & knowledge. ACM, pp. 378-382, 2016. (in English).

O.A. Shcherbyna, "Experience API – new standard of e-learning software and examples of its practical use", Information Technologies and Learning Tools, vol. 53, No 3., pp. 150–163, 2016. (in Ukrainian).

Art Werkenthin, "cmi5: The next generation SCORM", [Online]. Available: http://risc-inc.com/next-generation-scorm-cmi5/ (in English).

cmi5 Specification Profile for xAPI. [Online]. Available: https://github.com/AICC/CMI-5_Spec_Current/blob/quartz/cmi5_spec.md#au_requirements (in English).

Art Werkenthin. "cmi5: An overview of the Process Flow", [Online]. Available: https://risc-inc.com/cmi5-overview-process-flow/ (in English).

iSpring Course Designer. [Online]. Available: https://www.ispring.ru/ispring-suite (in Russian ).

Lectora Inspire 17.1.1 Update, [Online]. Available: https://www.itclearning.com.au/articles/lectora/lectora-inspire-17-1-1-update/

Rapid e-learning authoring. [Online]. Available: https://obsidian.black/ (in English).

Courselab Online – module for developing electronic courses with adaptive design. [Online]. Available: https://el-blog.ru/courselab-online/ (in Russian ).

iSpring Online, [Online]. Available: https://www.ispring.ru/ispring-online (in Russian ).

RISC’s Virtual Training Assistant system is your learning compliance solution. [Online]. Available: https://risc-inc.com/ (in English).

SCORM Cloud by Rustici Software. [Online]. Available: http://cloud.scorm.com (in English).

Helping cmi5 gain adoption since 2016. [Online]. Available: https://rusticisoftware.com/cmi5/ (in English).

No Big Deal, or a Big Deal?. [Online]. Available: https://rusticisoftware.com/blog/ltg-acquire-netdimensions/ (in English).

Adobe Captivate. [Online]. Available: http://www.adobe.com/ua/products/captivate/features.html (in English).

Articulate Storyline. [Online]. Available: https://www.articulate.com/products/storyline-why.php (in English).

Moodle. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/

Phil Hill. Schoology, NEO, Claroline, Chamilo: The beginning of the LMS long tail [Online]. Available: https://mfeldstein.com/schoology-neo-claroline-chamilo-the-beginning-of-the-lms-long-tail/ (in English).

LMS global stats – you’re probably half right. [Online]. Available: https://www.elearningworld.org/lms-global-stats-youre-probably-half-right/ (in English).

A.M. Avramchuk, and A.A. Shcherbyna, "Creating video lectures using the Rich Media module", Conference MoodleMoot Ukraine 2013. [Online]. Available: http://2013.moodlemoot.in.ua/course/view.php?id=51 (in Ukrainian).

Logstore xAPI. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/plugins/logstore_xapi (in English).

Log storage: Trax Logs. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/plugins/logstore_trax (in English).

Activities: xAPI Launch Link. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/plugins/mod_tincanlaunch (in English).

Blocks: Annulab LRS. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/plugins/block_annulab_lrs (in English).

Reports: Watershed Report Link. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/plugins/report_watershed (in English).

Activities: SCORM Cloud for Moodle. [Online]. Available: https://moodle.org/plugins/mod_scormcloud (in English).

Published
2020-06-19
Section
Open information and educational space and information and data security