INFLUENCE OF VIRTUAL REALITY TOOLS ON HUMAN ANATOMY LEARNING
The paper considers virtual reality (VR) as an effective way of teaching and learning. It discusses the possibilities of modern educational information technologies implementation, the educational advantages and drawbacks of 3D technologies and highlights VR features which enable dynamic forms of learning by creating artifacts in virtual environment with activities triggered by learners’ interaction. The effective role of the means of VR in education is determined and theoretically substantiated. Approaches aimed at increasing the theoretical and practical readiness of learners for educational activity using VR tools are considered.
The research participants were exposed to two learning modes: traditional (textbook style) and VR. The experiment was based on Human Anatomy VR Complete Edition by Virtual Medicine software which provided interaction with virtual models of human anatomy. Anatomy knowledge test and Students' Engagement in School Four-dimensional Scale were used to compare learning outcomes and the levels of student cognitive engagement between the two groups on the basis of ANOVA test.
Participants in the VR mode improved learning performance (i.e. recollecting and reconstituting) and engagement scores (cognitive and agency subscales) compared to those in the traditional learning mode. Emotional self-ratings before and after the learning phase in the VR mode showed an increase in positive emotions and a decrease in negative emotions. Overall, participants in the VR mode displayed an improved learning experience when compared to traditional learning methods. The combination of visualization and interactivity makes VR learning mode advantageous for effective education. The directions of further research such as organizational and psycho-pedagogical conditions of VR implementation in education and teacher training are defined.
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