emergency distance education
teacher and Covid 19
student and Covid19
EBA system

How to Cite

A. Tatlı and S. Eryilmaz, “EXAMINATION OF TEACHERS’ EXPERIENCES IN THE EMERGENCY DISTANCE EDUCATION PERIOD”, ITLT, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 62–77, Nov. 2021, doi: 10.33407/itlt.v85i5.4466.


The Covid 19 virus epidemic, which is the greatest danger of the 21st century, has significantly affected the way of life in the world. Scientists do their best to prevent the epidemic. They emphasize that the trio of mask, distance and cleaning will be sufficient. The epidemic, which emerged in China and negatively affected almost all countries in the world in almost every field, has also adversely affected the field of education. The education and training process in schools was suspended temporarily. Due to reasons such as the epidemic could not be stopped and prevented, starting from March 2020, some countries decided to continue their education in distance education environments in order to prevent children and young people from being harmed in their education and training processes. With the rapid transition to the distance education process, almost the entire education process has entered the digitalization process. The biggest share behind the management of the process called “emergency distance education” belongs to teachers. Teachers also use digital media in this process. They changed the way of communication with the students, their teaching methods, and the materials they used. Teachers are in the global epidemic process, they took part in the forefront of education to continue. Although they were caught unprepared for the situation, they carried out various studies to make the process effective. During this period, various concerns and expectations arose among the teachers, who always made an effort, in terms of using technology. With this research, the attitudes of teachers towards distance education, the problems teachers experience during this period, and accordingly the development of their technology use skills and the current situation in evaluating the process in educational environments have been revealed. This study, which was conducted by taking the opinions of the teachers who work in Ankara and selected by random sampling method, is in the case study design, one of the qualitative research methods. The data obtained from the teachers were analyzed by content analysis method. In general, the teachers who participated in the study shared the situations they experienced during this process.



F. M. Reimers and A. Schleicher, “International Task Force on Teachers for Education. Response to the COVID-19 Outbreak, Call for Action on Teacher”, OECD, Paris, France,Version 2.0, March, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://teachertaskforce.org/knowledge-hub/response-covid-19-outbreak-call-action-teachers-0

Ministry of National Education of Turkey, “National Education Statistics Formal Education 2019/'20”, Ministry of National Education, Ankara, Turkey, Version 1.0, September, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://sgb.meb.gov.tr/www/icerik_goruntule.php?KNO=396

G. Ç. Aydın, “COVID-19 Salgını Sürecinde Öğretmenler”, https://tedmem.org/. https://tedmem.org/covid-19/covid-19-salgini-surecinde-ogretmenler#return-note-3264-4 . Accessed: May 8, 2020.

Unesco, “Supporting teachers in back-to-school efforts, Guidance for policy-makers”, Paris, France, Version 1.0, June, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000373479

Unesco, “Provide continuous support teachers learners and their families”, Paris, France, Version 1.0, June, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://www.iiep.unesco.org/en/provide-continuous-support-teachers-learners-and-their-families-13375

Global Education Monitoring Report, “Covid 19 Where’s the discussion on distance learning training for teachers?”, Paris, France, June 2020. [Online]. Available: https://gemreportunesco.wordpress.com/2020/04/01/covid-19-wheres-the-discussion-on-distance-learning-training-for-teachers/

G. T. Yamamoto and D. Altun, “The Coronavirus and the Unstoppable Rise of Online Education”, Journal of University Studies, vol. 3, no.1, pp. 25-34, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.32329/uad.711110.

I. Fauzi and I. H. S. Khusuma, “Teachers’ Elementary School in Online Learning of COVID-19 Pandemic Conditions”, Jurnal Iqra': Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 58-70, June, 2020, doi: 10.25217/ji.v5i1.914.

M. Subaşı, and K. Okumuş, “Case Study as a Research Method”, Journal of Atatürk University Institute of Social Sciences, vol. 21, no.2, pp. 419-426, June 2017.

M. Özdemir, “Qualitative data analysis: A study on methodology in social sciences”, Eskişehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 323-343, March 2010.

Z. Karataş, “Qualitative research methods in the social sciences”, Journal of Spiritual Based Social Work Research, vol. 1, no.1, pp. 62-80, January 2015.

A. M. Güneş and B. Buluç, “The Relationship Between Classroom Teachers' Technology Use and Self-Efficacy Beliefs”, TUBAV Journal of Science, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 94-113, March 2017.

C. B. Flack, L. Walker, A. Bickerstaff and C. Margetts, “Socioeconomic disparities in Australian schooling during the COVID-19 pandemic”, Pivot Professional Learning, Melbourne, Australia, May. 13, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://pivotpl.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Pivot_Socioeconomic-disparities-in-Australian-schooling-during-COVID-19_1July2020.pdf

B. Özcan and L. Saraç, “Teacher Online Distance Education Roles and Competencies in the Process of Covid-19 Pandemic: The Example of Physical Education Teachers”, Journal of National Education, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 459-475, December 2020, doi: 10.37669/milliegitim.787127.

A. Lie, S. M. Tamah, I. Gozali, K. R. Triwidayati, T. S. D. Utami and F. Jemadi, “Secondary school language teachers’ online learning engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia”, Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, vol. 19, pp. 803-832, August, 2020, doi: 10.28945/4626.

G. B. Gudmundsdottir and D.M. Hathaway, “We always make it work: Teachers’ agency in the time of crisis”, Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 239-250, October 2020.

United Nations, Policy Brief: Education During Covid-19 And Beyond, August, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.un.org/development/desa/dspd/wp-content/uploads/sites/22/2020/08/sg_policy_brief_covid-19_and_education_august_2020.pdf

E. Can, “Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic and its pedagogical reflections: Open and distance education practices in Turkey”, Journal of Open Education Practices and Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 2-11, August 2020.

H. H. Yolcu, “Distance education experiences of classroom teacher candidates during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic process”, Journal of Open Education Practices and Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 237-250, October 2020.

N. Livari, S. Sharma and L. Ventä-Olkkonen, “Digital transformation of everyday life–How COVID-19 pandemic transformed the basic education of the young generation and why information management research should care?”, International Journal of Information Management, vol. 55, December 2020, Art no.102183.

E.P. Marpa, “Technology in the teaching of mathematics: An analysis of teachers’ attitudes during the COVID-19 pandemic”, International Journal on Studies in Education, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 92-102, July 2020.

U. Canpolat and Y. Yıldırım, “Examining the distance education experiences of secondary school teachers during the COVID-19 epidemic process”, Journal of Open Education Practices and Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 74-109, January 2021.

S. S. Seferoğlu, “Teacher competencies and professional development”, Education in the Light of Science and Mind, vol. 58, pp. 40 – 45, 2004.

Unesco, “Teacher Task Force calls to support 63 million teachers touched by the COVID-19 crisis”, Paris, France, May. 4, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://en.unesco.org/news/teacher-task-force-calls-support-63-million-teachers-touched-covid-19-crisis

B. M. Arık, “Effects of Coronavirus on Education in Turkey – II”, egitimreformugirisimi.org. https://www.egitimreformugirisimi.org/turkiyede-koronavirusun-egitime-etkileri-ii-uzaktan-egitim-nasil-olacak-ve-bu-surecte-neler-dikkate-alinmali/ . Accessed: May 8, 2020.

A. Ü. Kan and E. K. Fidan, “Student Perceptions Regarding the Conduct of the Turkish Language Lesson with Distance Education”, Turkish Journal of Educational Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 23-45, August 2016.

S. Guerriero, “Teacher leadership time Covid 19”, globalpartnership.org. https://www.globalpartnership.org/blog/teacher-leadership-time-covid-19 . Accessed: Dec. 8, 2020.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ayşenur TATLI, Selami ERYILMAZ


Download data is not yet available.