EXPERIENCE OF IMPLEMENTATING INSITUTIONAL POLICICIES ON OPEN SCIENCE IN EUROPEAN UNIVERSITIES

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33407/itlt.v90i4.4945

Keywords:

European Research Area, European Higher Education Area, Open Science, European Universities, Institutional Policies for Open Science Development

Abstract

In the conditions of the war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the postwar period, the urgency of improving the quality of research for economic recovery and state building is growing. Improving research by improving the exchange, transfer and access to scientific knowledge through knowledge transfer and open innovation is ensured by the implementation of the Open Science concept.

To determine the guidelines for the development and implementation of Open Science in domestic universities, the author's definition of "Open Science" is proposed, the experience of leading European universities (University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Imperial College London) and the results of a survey conducted by the European University Association is analyzed. An analysis of the experience of leading European universities has shown that the main areas of implementation of Open Science policy are open access, open data, research data management and dissemination. The results of a survey of representatives of 272 European universities on the implementation of Open Science showed that openness of research is an important part of institutional priorities, policies and practices. The most relevant factors contributing to the transition to Open Science, the respondents are identified the following: the presence of national policy / recommendations on Open Science; taking into account the observance of the principles of Open Science in the requirements for research funding; availability of EU policy / recommendations on Open Science. Obstacles that hinder universities from implementing Open Science policy include the following: lack of incentives to promote Open Science policy; problems of legal support; financial problems. The conducted SWOT-analysis allowed to identify the strengths and weaknesses, risks and opportunities for the implementation of Open Science policy in European universities. Recommendations for the implementation of Open Science policy in universities are offered.

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Author Biographies

Iryna I. Drach, Institute of Higher Education of the NAES of Ukraine

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Deputy Director

Svitlana H. Lytvynova, Institute for Digitalisation of Education of the NAES of Ukraine

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Deputy Director for Research

Olena M. Slobodianiuk, Vinnytsia National Technical University

PhD of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Integration of Education with Production

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Open Science [Online]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/research_and_innovation/knowledge_publications_tools_and_data/documents/ec_rtd_factsheet-open-science_2019.pdf. Accessed on: Jan. 10, 2022. (in English).

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M. V. Marienko Tools and Services of the Cloud-Based Systems of Open Science Formation in the Process of Teachers’ Training and Professional Development. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP). Vol. 429. Pp 108-120. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-85893-3_8. [Online]. Available: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-85893-3_8. (in English).

V. Bykov and M. Shyshkina "The Conceptual Basis of the University Cloud-based Learning and Research Environment Formation and Development in View of the Open Science Priorities", Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 2018. Vol. 68 (6), [Online]. Available: https://journal.iitta.gov.ua/index.php/itlt/article/view/2609/1409. Accessed on: Feb. 24, 2022. (in Ukrainian).

Y. M. Krylova-Grek and M. P. Shyshkina "Online learning at higher education institutions in Ukraine: Achievements, Challenges, And Horizons". Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 2021. 85(5), 163–174. doi:10.33407/itlt.v85i5.4660. (in Ukrainian).

S. H. Lytvynova, "The use of tools and services of cloud-based open science systems in the process of teaching and professional development of teachers: the aspect of augmented reality", Scientific Bulletin of Uzhgorod University. Series: "Pedagogy. Social work", 2021. no. 2(49). pp. 97-103, doi:10.24144/2524-0609.2021.49.97-102. (in Ukrainian).

M. Marienko "The Current State of using the Cloud-based Systems of Open Science by Teachers of General Secondary Education". Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology (AET), 2022. vol. 2. pp. 466-472. doi: 10.5220/0010932900003364. (in English).

P. Merzlykin, M. Marienko, S. Shokaliuk "CoCalc Tools as a Means of Open Science and Its Didactic Potential in the Educational Process". Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Advances in Educational Technology. 2022. vol.1. pp. 109-118. doi: 10.5220/0010921000003364. (in English).

Published

2022-09-29

How to Cite

[1]
Drach І. І., Lytvynova С. Г., and Slobodianiuk О. М., “EXPERIENCE OF IMPLEMENTATING INSITUTIONAL POLICICIES ON OPEN SCIENCE IN EUROPEAN UNIVERSITIES”, ITLT, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 173–190, Sep. 2022.

Issue

Section

Open information and educational space and information and data security