IT-supported didactic tools, information and communication technologies, geography, special school

How to Cite

V. Hladush, S. Bendíková, B. Kovačova, and M. Čarnická, “USING A DIDACTIC TOOL WITH IT-SUPPORT FOR TEACHING GEOGRAPHY IN A SPECIAL SCHOOL IN SLOVAKIA”, ITLT, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 18–34, Oct. 2023, doi: 10.33407/itlt.v97i5.5403.


The article tells about the peculiarities of using electronic didactic tools in teaching special school students in Slovakia. The staff of the Department of Special Pedagogy, Catholic University in Ruzomberk (Slovakia), together with teachers of special schools prepared a didactic manual with IT support considering the modern requirements for the level of knowledge and skills of students with intellectual disabilities. The purpose of the manual was to increase the level of success in learning geography. The content of the didactic guide is based on the typical curriculum for 9th grade students of a special school approved by the Ministry of Education and Science of Slovakia. As an example, the article briefly highlights the essence of the preparatory stage and the specific sequence of the teacher's work when studying one section «Slovakia». In the course of preparing the didactic guide, the peculiarities of psychophysical development of children in special schools, the problems of perception and understanding of new educational information were taken into account. To showcase the effectiveness of our innovative approach, we conducted an experimental test using the developed electronic textbook with IT support in one of the special schools in Slovakia. During this study, we analyzed and compared the level of geography knowledge among students over a span of 6 academic years (2016 – 2018 – traditional education, 2019 – 2021 – education using e-Learning). Based on the statistical data, a noteworthy improvement in academic performance was observed. To validate these results, considering the limited research sample due to the unique nature of special schools' educational process, we employed nonparametric tests such as the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests for multiple comparisons. These tests were utilized to ensure the reliability and significance of the findings. The results of the mathematical processing of the materials convincingly confirmed a significant increase in the level of academic achievement over the six years of the educational process in a special school. Thus, the electronic didactic guide for studying geography by 9th grade students of special schools proved to be quite effective. The idea of preparing and using such a didactic guide can be used in practice by teachers of other social studies subjects in special schools.



E. Petlák, “Všeobecná didaktika”. Bratislava: Iris 2004. 311 s. ISBN 80-8901-8645 (in Slovak)

M. Koehler, P. Mishra, and W. Cain, “What Is Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK)?, ”Virtualidad Educacion Y Ciencia, Article vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 9-23, 2015. (in English)

S. Wright, A. Fugett, and F. Caputa, “Using E-readers and Internet Resources to Support Comprehension”. Educational Technology & Society, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 367-379, Jan 2013. (in English)

I. Pesek, B. Zmazek, and G. Mohorčič, “From e-materials to i-textbooks in Slovenian i-textbooks”, Ljubljana: The National Education Institute Slovenia, 2014, pp.10-18 (in English)

H. Lee, C. Messom, and A. Y. Kok-Lim, “Can an electronic textbooks be part of K-12 education?: Challenges, technological solutions and open issues”, Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 12, no.1, pp. 32-44, 2013. (in English)

G. Novacká, J. Hnátová, E. Fryková, “Interaktívna tabuľa a softvér Activstudio na hodinách prírodovedných predmetov”. Bratislava: MPC, 2011. 78 s. ISBN 978-80-8052-366-4 (in Slovak)

V. Bobot, “Interaktívne vyučovanie v školských vzdelávacích programoch”.

Bratislava: MPC, 2012. 64 s. ISBN 978-80-8052-432-6 (in Slovak)

D. Kostrub and kol., “Proces výučby a digitálne technológie”. Bratislava/Martin: Alfa print, s. r. o., 2012. 110 s. ISBN 978-80-971081-6-8 (in Slovak)

P. Brečka, “Interaktívna tabuľa ako prostriedok technickej výchovy”. Bratislava: Iris, 2013. 184 s. ISBM 978-80-8153-008-1 (in Slovak Republic (in Slovak)

D. Gogotová, “Niektoré interaktívne metódy efektívneho vyučovania”. Bratislava: MPC, 2013. 64 s. ISBN 978-80-8052-515-6 (in Slovak)

I. Kalaš and kol., “Premeny školy v digitálnom veku”. Bratislava : SPN-Mladé letá, s. r. o., 2013. 256 s. ISBN 978-80-10-02409-4 (in Slovak)

S. M. Romanov, O. V. Kytsan, “Didactic possibilities of using an interactive poster in learning foreign literature”. ITLT, 2023, Vol. 95, №3. doi: (in Ukrainian)

Ya. P. Kodliuk i I. I. Chekrii, “Elaboration and creation of electronic textbooks for general secondary educational institutions (Based on UNESCO materials)”. ITLT, 2021, Vol. 81, № 1. doi: (in Ukrainian)

N. A. Myslitska, V. F. Zabolotnyi, i I. Yu. Slobodianiuk, “Electronic teaching and methodological complex in physics for students of social and humanitarian type of studies”. ITLT, 2019, Vol. 74, № 6. doi: (in Ukrainian)

I. P. Vorotnykova “Experience of using e-textbooks and electronic education means in school within the framework of general secondary education digitalization in Ukraine”. ITLT, 2019, Vol.. 71, № 3. doi: (in Ukrainian)

N. V. Mospan, S. O. Sysoieva “Trends in digital adaptation of schools during the COVID-19 pandemic”. ITLT, 2022, Vol 91, №5.

doi: (in English)

V. V. Oliinyk, P. P. Hrabovskyi, O. A. Konoval “Criteria and indicators for the selection of a digital platform for e-learning at the secondary school”. ITLT, 2022, Vol. 90, № 4. doi: (in Ukrainian)

J. I. Markiewicz-Patkowska, S. Pytel, P. Oleśniewicz, і K. Widawski, “Three-dimensional photographe as a new technique to make didactic presentations more attractive”. ITLT, 2019, Vol. 69, № 1. doi: (in English)

H. M. Mytsyk, “The use of digital games in the prevention of reading disorders of children in pre-school-age”. ITLT, 2022, Vol. 87, vyp. 1. doi: (in Ukrainian)

O. I. Dmitriieva i O. V. Chopik, “Usage of the information and communication technologies in education of senior pupils with intellectual development disorders ”. ITLT, 2021, Vol. 86, № 6. doi: (in Ukrainian)

Yu. M. Kosenko, O. V. Boriak, i O. M. Korol, “Computer didactic games for teaching history to pupils with intellectual disabilities in conditions of inclusive education”. ITLT, 2020, Vol. 77, № 3. doi: (in Ukrainian)

Yu. M. Kosenko, M. O. Suprun, O. V. Boriak, i O. M. Korol, “Digital technologies as a tool to form abstract concepts of schoolchildren with mental development disorder”. ITLT, 2021, Vol. 85, № 5. doi: (in Ukrainian)

N. S. Shcherba “Using web applications in teaching foreign languages to upper secondary school students with cerebral palsy”, ITLT, 2019, Vol. 70, № 2. doi: (in Ukrainian)

О. V. Ovcharuk, O. S. Tovkanets, O. P. Pinchuk, I. V. Ivaniuk, O. O. Hrytsenchuk, i S. V. Trykoz, “The organizational and pedagogical conditions of using the informational and digital environment in the secondary school”. ITLT, 2023, Vol. 95, № 3. doi: (in Ukrainian)

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Віктор Гладуш, Славка Бендікова, Барбора Ковачова, Марцела Чарницька


Download data is not yet available.