TEACHERS’ DIGITAL COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT: EXPERIENCE OF SCANDINAVIAN COUNTRIES

Keywords: digital competency, information and communication technology, electronic educational resources

Abstract

The article considers the definition of "digital competency" on the basis of the European Commission document "Digital Competency Framework for Citizens". An overview of the main strategic documents of the educational policy of Norway and Finland, which are the basis of the current reform of the teacher training and In-service teacher training system in order to develop digital competency of teachers is carried out. It was found out that in these countries special institutions which are responsible for the development and implementation of the national curriculum were created - the National Agency for Education in Finland and the Directorate in Norway. The national curriculum includes the introduction of the latest information and communication technologies. The main responsibilities of state institutions that implement the educational policy of countries (Ministry of Education, counties, municipalities, special services, schools) are covered. An overview of the electronic resources used in countries for the teachers’ digital competency development (training platforms with a list of resources on various subjects, national tests, on-line tools for teachers’ self-assessment, for evaluation the level of digital competency, etc.) is provided. It is noted that the analysis of existing educational documents of Norway and Finland shows an integrated approach to addressing the challenges of reforming the education system at all levels, including the development of appropriate training platforms, e-learning resources and online tools for evaluation the level of digital competency. Recommendations to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine regarding the use of positive experience in the development of teachers’ digital competence of the Scandinavian countries in the educational policy of Ukraine, are developed: creation of a special institution that will be responsible for this process; introduction of the principle of "peer-to-peer" for training teachers to use ICT; development an online tool for self-assessing the level of digital competency of teachers; creation an open market for online teaching materials and e-textbooks.

Author Biography

Iryna V. Ivaniuk, Institute of Information Technologies and Learning Tools of the NAES of Ukraine

PhD of Pedagogical Sciences, Senior Researcher

References

R.Vuorikari, Y. Punie, S. Carretero Gomez, G. Vanden Brande (2016) DigComp 2.0: The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens. UpdatePhase 1: The Conceptual Reference Model. Luxembourg Publication Office of the European Union. EUR 27948 EN. doi:10.2791/11517/- 44 p.

Lærerutdanning 2025. Nasjonal strategi for kvalitet og samarbeid i lærerutdanningene (2017). [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/d0c1da83bce94e2da21d5f631bbae817/kd_nasjonal-strategi-for-larerutdanningene_nett_11.10.pdf

Professional digital competence framework for teachers (2017). [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно:https://www.udir.no/in-english/professional-digital-competence-framework-for-teachers/

Action plan for the implementation of the key project and reforms defined in the Strategic Government Programme (2016). [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://valtioneuvosto.fi/documents/10616/1986338/Action+plan+for+the+implementation+Strategic+Government+Programme+EN.pdf

Finland: Ongoing_Reforms_and_Policy_Developments (14 December, 2016). [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Finland:Ongoing_Reforms_and_Policy_Developments

Teacher Education. Finnish National Agency for Education (2018). [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://oph.fi/english/education_system/teacher_education

Іванюк І. В. Формування цифрової компетентності вчителів Фінляндії у світлі сучасних освітніх реформ. Звітна наукова конференція Інституту інформаційних технологій і засобів навчання НАПН України: Збірник матеріалів наукової конференції. Київ. ІІТЗН НАПН України, 2018. с. 94 – 95. [Електронний ресурс]. Доступно: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/711730/

Іванюк І. В. Цифрове навчання як основний напрямок освітньої реформи Фінляндії. Педагогічна компаративістика і міжнародна освіта - 2018: трансформації та інновації в освіті у глобалізаційному світі: матеріали ІІ Міжнародної наук.-практ.конференції (Київ, 7-8 червня 2018р.).Ін-т педагогіки НАПН України. За заг.ред. О.І.Локшиної. Київ - Дрогобич: ТЗОВ "Трек-ЛТД", 2018. с. 211-213.


REFERENCES (TRANSLATED AND TRANSLITERATED)

R.Vuorikari, Y. Punie, S. Carretero Gomez, G. Vanden Brande (2016) DigComp 2.0: The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens. UpdatePhase 1: The Conceptual Reference Model. Luxembourg Publication Office of the European Union. EUR 27948 EN. doi:10.2791/11517/- 44 p. (in English)

Lærerutdanning 2025. Nasjonal strategi for kvalitet og samarbeid i lærerutdanningene (2017) [Online]. Available: https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/d0c1da83bce94e2da21d5f631bbae817/kd_nasjonal-strategi-for-larerutdanningene_nett_11.10.pdf (in Norwegian)

Professional digital competence framework for teachers (2017) [Online]. Available: https://www.udir.no/in-english/professional-digital-competence-framework-for-teachers/ (in English)

Action plan for the implementation of the key project and reforms defined in the Strategic Government Programme (2016) [Online]. Available: http://valtioneuvosto.fi/documents/10616/1986338/Action+plan+for+the+implementation+Strategic+Government+Programme+EN.pdf (in English)

Finland: Ongoing_Reforms_and_Policy_Developments (14 December, 2016) [Online]. Available: https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/Finland:Ongoing_Reforms_and_Policy_Developments (in English)

Teacher Education. Finnish National Agency for Education (2018) [Online]. Available: http://oph.fi/english/education_system/teacher_education (in English)

I.V. Іvaniuk. “Formation of digital competence of Finnish teachers in the light of modern educational reforms” at the Reporting Scientific Conference of the Institute of Information Technologies and learning Tools of NAPS of Ukraine (2018) [Online]. Available: http://lib.iitta.gov.ua/711730/ (in Ukrainian)

I.V. Іvaniuk. “Digital education as the main focus of the educational reform of Finland” at “Comparative pedagogy and international education - 2018: transformations and innovations in education in the globalizing world: materials of the II International sciences-practical conference”, Kyiv – Drohobych: TZOV “Trek-LTD”, 2018. Pp. 211-213 (in Ukrainian)

Published
2019-09-21
Section
ICT and learning tools in secondary education